Response Resources

Bomb Threat Response: An Interactive Planning Tool for Schools.
The Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (OSDFS) and The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) collaborated to develop this tool (CD) for schools and law enforcement. The CD is available for free, and it offers a comprehensive guide on how to best respond to bomb threats in schools. The planning tool offers guidance for schools administrators and law enforcement to develop policies specific to the school district and its unique needs. The Bomb Threat Response also addresses communication and presents guidelines for how to communicate during the response phase.
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Center for Disease Control’s Emergency Preparedness and Response
This website provides a variety of information about how to respond to specific hazards including bioterrorism, chemical emergencies, mass casualties, natural disasters and severe weather, radiation emergencies. The site also provides updates on recent outbreaks and incidents.
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HHS Pandemic Influenza Plan
The HHS Pandemic Influenza Plan is a blueprint for pandemic influenza preparation and response. It provides guidance to national, state, and local policy makers and health departments. The HHS Plan includes an overview of the threat of pandemic influenza, a description of the relationship of this document to other Federal plans and an outline of key roles and responsibilities during a pandemic. In addition, it specifies needs and opportunities to build robust preparedness for and response to pandemic influenza.
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Kentucky Center for School Safety’s Emergency Management Guide
The Kentucky Center for School Safety created the school-based Emergency Management Guide as a broad support for preventing, planning for and responding to a variety of emergencies at school. The guide provides step-by-step guidance and resources for developing school crisis plans. From multi-hazard to threat specific, the guide supports an all-hazards approach complete with a comprehensive section regarding trauma and recovery.
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Mercury: Health Effects
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a fact sheet that compares and contrasts the three chemical forms of Mercury: Methylmercury, Elemental mercury and other mercury compounds (inorganic and organic). The fact sheet explains the specific effects mercury has on human health and the symptoms of mercury exposure. The fact sheet also addresses conditions known to worsen the impact of exposure, such as closed rooms.
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National Response Framework
The National Response Framework (NRF) presents the guiding principles that enable all response partners to prepare for and provide a unified national response to disasters and emergencies. It establishes a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident response. Information on the National Response Framework including Documents, Annexes, References and Briefings/Trainings can be accessed from the National Response Framework Resource Center.
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NIMS Implementation Activities For Schools and Higher Education Institutions
It is recommended that all schools  review and implement these activities as they are key steps any school can take in advance of an emergency. NIMS Implementation Activities for Schools and Higher Education Institutions presents a set of key school and campus emergency management activities that will enhance the relationship between schools and campuses, their respective local governments, and their community partners as they communicate, collaborate, and coordinate on NIMS activities.
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Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Bulletin, “School Crisis Response Initiative”
This bulletin describes the work of the School Crisis Response Initiative of the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence at the Yale Child Study Center and provides an overview of the program’s organizational model for school crisis preparedness and response. The organizational model presented in this bulletin is intended to guide schools and school districts as they develop their own school-based crisis response plans. Accessible at:

Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance Center
A primary service coordinated by the Center is providing responses to emergency planning questions and technical assistance needs. Requests for assistance could range from samples of emergency plans; strategies and materials to help with staff trainings; tips for creating buy-in with stakeholders; and/or help evaluating REMS plans. Center staff collaborate with a network of local and national crisis planning experts to provide answers to REMS-related questions and to meet any specific technical assistance needs. In addition, the Center publishes a variety of newsletters on specific topics (REMS Express, Helpful Hints, Lessons Learned). Information on NIMS training for schools is also on this website. Links are available to a comprehensive list of resources. Accessible at