Prevention / Mitigation Resources
Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance Center
The Center publishes a variety of newsletters on specific topics (REMS Express, Helpful Hints, Lessons Learned). Information on NIMS training for schools is also on this website. Links to a comprehensive list of resources on Prevention-Mitigation can be found in their resources section. Accessible at http://rems.ed.gov/index.cfm
Community-Oriented Policing Services “School Vandalism and Break-Ins” The U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community-Oriented Policing Services offers a series of Problem-Oriented Guides for Police that also benefit the school community. This guide on school vandalism and break-ins provides cost-effective strategies for designing, operating and maintaining school facilities and promoting security. It also addresses how schools and local law enforcement agencies can work together to apply Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles to assist in violence and crime prevention.
Accessible at: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/files/ric/Publications/SchoolVandalismBreakIns.pdf
Final Report and Findings: Implications for Prevention of School Attacks in the United States
The U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education collaborated to undertake the Safe School Initiative, an in-depth study of 37 school shootings and other school-based attacks that took place between 1974 and 2000. This report presents the common characteristics of the incidents, the attackers and behaviors that can be seen as cues for interventions. These characteristics led to the modification of the Secret Service traditional threat assessment model to be applied to the school environment.
Accessible at: http://rems.ed.gov/views/documents/FinalReportandFindingsofSafeSchoolInitiative.pdf
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2008: Executive Summary
This annual study is performed and presented collaboratively by the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics. The annual study reports both incident data and self-report school-based crime as perceived by students, teachers, principals and the general population. This resource is a valuable tool for use with school climate assessments.
Accessible at: http://nces.ed.gov/programs/crimeindicators/crimeindicators2008/
Kentucky Center for School Safety’s Emergency Management Guide
The Kentucky Center for School Safety created the school-based Emergency Management Guide as a broad support for preventing, planning for and responding to a variety of emergencies at school. The guide provides step-by-step guidance and resources for developing school crisis plans. From multi-hazard to threat specific, the guide supports an all-hazards approach complete with a comprehensive section regarding trauma and recovery.
Accessible at: http://www.kycss.org/clear/EMGpage.html
Relative Risks of School Travel: 2002
The Transportation Research Board (TRB) convenes a Committee on School Transportation Safety. The Committee published a Special report on "The Relative Risks of School Travel" in 2002. The report provides some valuable data on deaths and injuries associated with travel to and from school.
Accessible at: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/sr/sr269.pdf
Safe Schools Checklist
Created by The National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, the checklist combines the nation’s best school facility assessment measures into one, comprehensive, Internet-accessible tool. School safety teams can use this tool to assess their physical environment and identify hazards and vulnerabilities on their campuses. The checklist addresses accident prevention, crime prevention and disaster mitigation (e.g., the effects of potential natural disasters and terrorist acts), and applies the basic principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED).
Accessible at: http://www.edfacilities.org/safeschools/index.cfm
Safe School Design: A Handbook for Educational Leaders Applying the Principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
This Education Resource Information Center (ERIC) publication (ED449541) offers an in-depth synthesis of effective practices for integrating the tenets of CPTED into school facilities planning and violence prevention programs. It further explains the causes of common campus vulnerabilities and methods for addressing them to create safer schools. The Handbook contains two valuable resources for school administrators: The National School Safety Center’s School Crime Assessment Tool, and The Oregon School Safety Survey. The National School Safety Center’s School Crime Assessment Tool allows administrators to evaluate their school’s vulnerability to school-crime related issues and potential risks to school-climate. The Oregon School Safety Survey, developed by the Institute on Violence and Destructive Behavior at the University of Oregon, College of Education, is designed to determine school safety and violence prevention training needs among school personnel.
Accessible at: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ by searching for CPTED
Schools Chemical Cleanout Campaign
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced its Schools Chemical Cleanout Campaign (SC3) to support schools maintaining chemical management protocols as part of their all-hazards school emergency management plan. The campaign is part of the EPA's Healthy School Environments Initiative. The EPA Toolkit outlines key responsibilities of a variety of stakeholders (i.e., teachers, facilities personnel, waste handlers, and School chemical suppliers) and includes information and resources for addressing chemical management in all four phases of school emergency management. Accessible at http://www.epa.gov/waste/partnerships/sc3/index.htm
Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates
Based on the Safe School Initiative, the U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education published this threat assessment guide to be used as a proactive tool by schools. The guide sets forth a process for identifying and assessing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools. This process, known as threat assessment, was first pioneered by the U.S. Secret Service and was tailored to meet the needs of a school setting, based upon findings from the Safe School Initiative study. This guide is intended for use by school personnel, law enforcement officials and others with protective responsibilities in schools.
Accessible at: http://rems.ed.gov/views/documents/ThreatAssessmentinSchools.pdf